Vikram E. Chhatre
Population Genomics & Bioinformatics

Distruct v2.3

Table of Contents

1. Citations
2. User Guide
3. Commandline Usage
4. Register & Download

A python script for plotting admixture coefficients. This script is a modified version of the original script from FastStructure (Raj et al, 2014). Admixture coefficients from any program (STRUCTURE, FastSTRUCTURE, ADMIXTURE, FRAPPE etc.) can be plotted using this cript. This version (2.3) provides following additional functionality, not present in the original version:

  • Placement of populations in desired order
  • Control cluster colors
  • Control population label colors


  • Chhatre VE (2019) Distruct v2.3, A modified cluster membership plotting script. Available at

  • Raj A, Stephens M & Prichard JK (2014) fastSTRUCTURE: variational inference of population structure in large SNP data sets. Genetics, 197(2): 573-589.

Brief user guide

Input Files

  1. .meanQ file i.e. cluster membership (admixutre) coefficients: Let’s assume that output file prefix is admix. Your output files may have an extension depending upon what program you used. For example, STRUCTURE output files end in _f, ADMIXTURE output files end in .Q and fastStructure files end in .meanQ. You will need to rename these files to an extension ending in .meanQ. So our example files will be named as follows, assuming K=1 through K=5:

  2. popfile file: this file could be named anything you want, just provide its complete name in the distruct commandline arguments. The number of rows here are equal to the number of individuals. But instead of listing individual names, it should list names of populations, for each individual, in the exact same order as in the .meanQ file. For example, assuming 3 populations, each with 3 individuals:

  3. poporder file: This file can also be named arbitrarily provided its actual name is provided as a commandline argument. The number of lines in this file are equal to number of populations in the data set, in the same order you wish to plot them. Let’s say we want to plot ADMIX population first, POP1 in the middle and POP2 on the right. In our example data, this file is named west2east

  4. popcolors file: In version 2.3, this file is mandatory. If it appears under a different name or is missing altogether, the plotting command will fail. The syntax of the file is similar to poporder file above. One line per population, stating color you wish to use to print label for that population. Color names must be one of those available in Python. Important Note: Do not confuse this with the cluster colors themselves. Cluster colors are set within the main script on L33.



  • Here are our example input files
-rw-r--r--  1 vikram   5.7K admix.3.meanQ
-rw-r--r--  1 vikram   1.3K pop
-rw-r--r--  1 vikram    18B west2east
-rw-r--r--@ 1 vikram   6.8K
-rw-r--r--  1 vikram    22B popcolors
python -K 3 
	--title="Example Data K=3 With Colored Pop Labels" 
  • Default output format is .png. For other formats, provide file name extension explicitly. For pdf, use --output=admix_K3.pdf.
-rw-r--r--  1 vikram    23K admix_K3.pdf


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